The Status of Females in the Islamic System of Inheritance: Focus on The Advantages They Have Over Males

  • Yaaqub A.A. Wakili Islamic Studies Section Department of Arts and Social Sciences Education Ahmadu Bello University Zaria, Nigeria
  • Abubakar Sabo Yusha’u Islamic Studies Section Department of Arts and Social Sciences Education Ahmadu Bello University Zaria, Nigeria
  • Ahmad Yahya Department of Islamic Studies Federal College of Education, Kano, Nigeria
Keywords: IIslamic System of Inheritance, Profits in Inheritance, Status of Females


This paper attempts to look at, as well as bring out the noble status that females have in the Islamic system of inheritance. The objectives are to bring into the open the just nature of this system of succession and enlighten those non-Muslim scholars who label it as anti-females on the various advantages which females have in the distribution of inheritance. The method employed by this paper is descriptive, where data is elicited through document analysis, in which primary materials on Islam, both published and unpublished, electronic and print are consulted. The result discovered by the paper is that female heirs, inherit as daughters, mothers, wives, etc., and also inherit at double or triple capacity. For instance, a female heir can inherit her husband both as his wife and as his mistress if the husband happened to be a slave and she bought him and emancipated him. Moreover, almost all the heirs of the first category (As-hab al-furud) who are considered first when the distribution is to take place are females. For, instance, uterine sister and uterine brother enjoy equal shares. Moreover, females could get not only equal but also twice, triple, or even quadruple the share of males. A case in point is where the heirs are the daughter, son’s daughter, full sister, and consanguine brother. The female heirs in this case exhaust the entire estate and exclude the consanguine brother who is a male


Ahmad, K. (2017). Islam its meaning and messages. (3rd Ed) Lagos, Nigeria: Islamic Publications Bureau.

Al-Baghdadi, A.M. (nd) Irshad al-salik Ila ashraf al-masalik fi fiqh al-Imam Malik. Al-Shirkah al-Ifriqiyyah Li al-Tiba'ah wa al-Nashr.

Al-Baihaqi, A.H. (2014). Sunan al-baihaqi al-kubra (Verified by Muhammad 'Abdul-Qadir 'Ata). Makkah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: Maktabah Dar al-Baz.

Al-Mardini, S. (2017) Al-rahbiyyah fi 'Ilm al-Mirath bi sharh sabt al-mardini 8th Ed. Cairo: Dar al-Qalam.

Al-Mufshiy, M. B. (2018) Al-Jami’ Al-Hadith fi ‘llm Al-Mirath wa Al-Mawarith fi Al-shari’ah al-Islamiyyah wa Qanun Al¬-Ahwal Al-Shakhsiyyah Ala Al- madhahib Al-Arba’ah 2nd ed. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-'Ilmiyyah.

Al-Shanshuri, A.M. (2016) Al-durrah al-mudiyyah fi sharh al-faridiyyah. (1st Ed.) Damascus, Syria: Al-Maktab al-Islami li al-Tiba'ah wa al-Nashr.

Al-Tasawwuli, A.A. (2018) Al-bahjah fi sharh al-tuhfah Vol. II, 1st Ed. (Verification by Muhammad Abdul Qadir Shahin). Beirut, Lebanon: Dar al-Kutub al-'Ilmiyyah.

Baihaqi, A.A. (2020). Sha'b al-Iman. Vol. VI, 1st Ed. (Verification by Muhammad Sa'id Bisyuni Zughlul) Beirut, Lebanon: Dar al-Kutub al-'Ilmiyyah.

Besant, A. (2022). The life and teachings of Muhammad. Madras

Binlis, Muhammad Ahmad (nd) Buhjah al-basar fi sharh fara'id al-mukhtasar: kitab fi al-tarikaat wa al-mawarith. (Verified by Muhammad Mahaddah). 'Ain malilah, Algeria: Dar al-Huda

Esposito, J.L. (2018). Islam the straight path. New York, USA: Oxford University Press.

Gaudefroy, D.M. (2018). Muslim institutions. (4th Ed.) London, UK: George Allen and Unwin Ltd.

Hakim, M.A. (2020). Al-mustadrak 'ala al-sahihain (Verified by Mustafa 'Abdul-Qadir 'Ata). Beirut, Lebanon: Dar al-Kutub al-'Ilmiyyah.

Ibn Majah, M.Y. (nd). Sunan Ibn Majah. Vol. II. (Verification by Muhammad Fu'ad AbdulBaqi). Beirut, Lebanon: Dar el-Fikr.

Maibushira, I.M. (2018). Distribution of inheritance in Islam and its application in Kano State. (Unpublished M.A. Dissertation). Bayero University Kano.

Qutb, M. (2023). Islam a Misunderstood religion. Pakistan: Press Syndicates.

Yahya, A. (2004). 'The status of females in Islam with regard to Inheritance: Analysis of the favours conferred on them, a case study of some selected court cases in Kano state (Unpublished M.A Dissertation). Department of Islamic Studies: Bayero University Kano

How to Cite
Wakili, Y. A., Yusha’u, A. S., & Yahya, A. (2023). The Status of Females in the Islamic System of Inheritance: Focus on The Advantages They Have Over Males. Rihlah Review: Jurnal Pendidikan Islam, 1(02), 75-88.